The UN member countries in a convention held on climate change in Japan, in 1997, agreed to a treaty for controlling the emissions. It was named the ‘Kyoto Protocol’ from the name of the place where it was signed. As of now, 170 countries have committed to implement the Protocol. The only exceptions are Kazakhstan, Brazil, India, China and USA who are not bound by it.The clearly defined objective was to achieve ‘stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.’The Protocol makes a distinction between the carbon dioxide produced naturally through respiration and decomposition and the one made by burning fossil fuel. The one that is caused by man is called anthropogenic. The emission of carbon dioxide from burning of fossil fuels for generating power or for making cement is not a natural process. It is caused by man. It is therefore anthropogenic.The Kyoto Protocol came into force on 16th February 2005. In terms of the Protocol, in a short period of five years from January 2008 to December 2012, the countries are required to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to at least 5% below their 1990… Read full this story
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